The historical depth and geographical diversity of the Tanomah Mountains contributed to its embrace of many archaeological sites and historical inscriptions, and the rocky cavities that characterized Tanomah, and specialists believe that they were formed by erosion factors over thousands of years. Several mountains stand out in Tanomah, known for the hardness of their rocks and the sweetness of the water that seeps from their slopes to irrigate farms and livestock, especially during seasonal rains.
, photographed by / Ali Al-Shehri . “Tanuma” governorate is located north of the Asir region, on the road connecting the cities of Taif, 150 kilometers from the city of Abha, and Dr. Saleh Abu Arad indicates in his book “Tanuma .. Zahraa Al-Sarawat” issued in 2020 by the Abha Literary Club indicates that “the geographical region of Tanomah extends from north to south with a width of about 25 kilometers, and from east to west with a length of about (80) kilometers, and this region is mostly covered by dense forests, especially In the north of the region, where juniper trees cover most of the elevations, as well as dill and acacia trees and some types of grasses.
. The freshwater waterfalls that flow from the heights of the Tanomah Mountains during the rainy seasons are no longer the only sight that attracts attention and arouses surprise, when a person decides to climb to the peaks Those towering mountains, he is surprised by natural artistic paintings that adorn the slopes carved by monsoons and heavy rains thousands of years ago, which formed rare natural inscriptions and sculptures.
In his talk about those mountains, Dr. Abu Arad divides them into eastern mountain heights, consisting of the mountain range of Mana, Mount Akran, Jabal Al-Jarda, and Jabal Al-Farsh, and in the north of the region are Jabal Nabesh, Jabal Ghulamah, and then western heights, and it consists of several mountains scattered in Attan, Manama, and Jabal Abdullah, Jalala, Al-Fatha, Al-Qadiyah, Al-Taweelah, Al-Hamam, Mount Isa, Al-Souda Mountains, and Mount Moama in the northwestern side of Tanumah.
And “Mana” is a huge mountain range named by this name because it is impregnable and fortified with difficult terrain that only its people who have experienced it hundreds of years ago can overcome and adapt to it. From south to north, the highest peak in this chain is known as Jabal (Tala). This summit is surrounded by villages on the surface of this mountain range, which are spread along its length. Among these villages are Atmeh, Taraa, Al Sayara, Al Razeeq, and Al Batn.
“Mount Ekran” is distinguished by the abundance of monuments that it contains, as it forms a huge rock mass with a high height, and is unique in its huge rock formation, and its large cave that overlooks the western side of the mountain. During the monsoon rains in the summer, in a breathtaking view that hundreds of visitors flock to witness and document every day, and then it is covered with green robes.
Among the most prominent monuments contained in Mount “Akran” is a mosque described by Dr. Abu Arad as (it is the remains of a single stone building without a roof, its length is about 7.5 meters, and its width is 3.5 meters, and it has from the inside what looks like two mihrabs, and they both face towards the direction of the qiblah, and it is noted that one of them is on the side The front right of the mosque, and the second in the front left side of it, and the distance between them is about two meters, and in this mosque there is one opening on the southern side opposite the two mihrabs, which is relatively small, and represents an entrance leading to the mosque, and on the western side of the mosque there are remains of a stone building at a relatively low height and adjacent to the mosque, as if it was a special place for ablution or the like).
To the west of the mosque is located one of the most important archaeological sites in “Tanuma”, which is the cave of Jabal Akran, which is a “cave with a wide mouth, large in size, penetrating the mountain in a way that makes it difficult to see what is inside it clearly, except for some stones, dust and gaps of different sizes, which may number up to About ten holes.
The way to the cave is very difficult, but it is reported from some of the old people in “Tanuma” that they used to reach inside it in the stages of their youth, especially the shepherds who seek shade or rest inside it for some time.
The effects of Mount “Akran” are not limited to the mosque and the cave. Rather, the rock inscription that is located under the opening of the cave, known as “Al-Hanash and the Snake”, indicates that the place holds historical secrets that have not been revealed yet, as the inscription appears in the form of a huge red snake with a huge snake next to it. Lions. There are also archaeological drawings and inscriptions on Mount Mana, the most prominent of which are ostriches and other inscriptions that represent some of the brightest birds, in addition to drawings of horses, deer and camels.
Jabal Abdullah was known for its fresh water and its rocky formations of various colors and shapes. The mountain – as described by Dr. Abu Arad – contains agricultural plots surrounded by forests of juniper trees, acacia, al-Atm, and other trees that characterize the Sarawat Mountains.
The Tanomah Mountains, like other Sarawat mountain ranges, store many natural treasures represented in precious metals, in addition to their commercial and heritage distinction for hundreds of years due to their location on what was known as the “Yemeni Hajj Road”, which contributed to its well-known economic activity in the past, where trade exchange took place. With the pilgrims, especially in basic supplies such as grain, clothes and coffee.